“Any people not willing to reconsider old ideas as they step into new contexts may be doomed to live in a fatal cultural dead end.”  – Paul Bohannan, How Culture Works


This site describes an educational program developed by Alder Stone Fuller and his associates in their educational collective, Ermah Ge, about complexity (system) sciences, including geophysiology (aka Earth System Science).

Complexity is a set of principles offering a deep understanding of complex, dynamical networks or systems on scales from cellular to organisms and societies to Earth’s metabolism and homeostasis, what some – notably James Lovelock, Lynn Margulis, Dianne Dumanoski and Mary Midgley – call Gaia, what we call Ermah.

This site is about science, not religion or new age mysticism.  Yet this is not the science you studied in high school or college.  These are not the ‘mechanistic’ sciences of the last 300 years that portrayed nature as a ‘machine’ to be controlled for human benefit.  Instead, they are new sciences that have emerged via the work of leading scientists, including Nobel laureate Ilya Prigogine’s non-equilibrium thermodynamics (aka self-organization science), Benoit Mandelbrot’s fractal geometry, Edward Lorenz’s sensitive dependence on initial conditions (aka butterfly effect), Stephen Wolfram’s new kind of science, theories of emergence and autopoiesis, Lynn Margulis’s symbiogenesis, and James Lovelock’s Gaia theory.   They offer simple yet elegant and awe-inspiring insights into nature, Earth and life.  An essay briefly describing these principles is here.

This site will introduce you to Ermah Ge’s Earth Studies Program and help you begin to understand these concepts (fully grasping them requires years of study).  They will hopefully facilitate replacement of outdated mechanistic world views with new ones grounded in the complexity sciences.

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